Kenneth O. Stanley and L. B. Soros (2016)
The Role of Subjectivity in the Evaluation of Open-Endedness (short workshop paper)
In: OEE2: The Second Workshop on Open-Ended Evolution at the Fifteenth International Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems (ALIFE XV). 2016 (3 pages).


Given the interest in artificial life in achieving open-ended dynamics it is important to establish what open-endedness means. Yet the definition of open-endedness has proven surprisingly difficult to pin down. This paper examines whether one reason for this difficulty may be that open-endedness is in part a subjective notion. That is, open-endedness may be in the eye of the beholder. Grappling with this question is ultimately important for the field so it can set its expectations realistically.